Categotry Archives: Maps & Plans – 1890s


The Mettawas (part I)

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Categories: Maps & Plans - 1880s, Maps & Plans - 1890s, Tags: ,

Lake Front of Proposed Hotel at Kingsville Ont.

As it was later written, “Hiram Walker, the whiskey magnate, deserves the credit for having made the cool breezes of the northern shore of Lake Erie more accessible to Detroiters during the summer months.” In February 1889, Walker purchased property on the south side of Park street, east of Division Street South for $3,000 from Dr. S.A. King. Detroit architects, Mason and Rice, were commissioned to design Walker’s ‘mammoth summer hotel’ as seen in this rendering illustrated by Albert Kahn, architect of the Kingsville railway station. Construction began in March under the supervision of Dr. S.A. King and by April, 150 men were working to complete the hotel for the summer season. As reported at the time of construction, “The estimated cost of building and furnishings will be $200,000.”

Plan No. 269 (1884)

On Part of Lot No. 1 in the Broken Front Concession, East of Division Road in the Township of Gosfield, The Property of Messrs King & Smart.

In 1884, the land south of Park Street and east of Division Street South was divided into 18 building lots, each with 66 foot frontage. It was these 18 lots that Hiram Walker purchased for his new hotel.

Big Strike in Gosfield South

Natural gas was struck, Wednesday, below Kingsville, at a depth of about 980 feet, and the roaring noise can be heard for a long distance. Great excitement prevails in consequence of the find. It is thought the pocket struck is inexhaustible, but the company will continue to go farther down.

Amherstburg Echo, January 25, 1889 p.4

Work has commenced on the new $50,000 hotel, on Monday. It is to be 266 feet long. About 20 Italians are at work excavating for the foundation. Large maple and elm trees are being planted in double rows on Lansdowne Avenue. Some of them taking four horses to move them.

Amherstburg Echo, March 22, 1889 p.5

Walker & Sons’ mammoth summer hotel is going ahead in rapid style, and an addition of 100 feet has been added to original plan. About 150 men are at work on this structure. The estimated cost of building and furnishings will be $200,000. Dr. S.A. King has the general supervision.

Amherstburg Echo, April 12, 1889 p.6


Lake Erie, Essex & Detroit River Railway


Categories: Maps & Plans - 1890s, Maps & Plans - 1900s

1890 Fire Insurance Plan (revised to 1898)

Usually drawn in either multiples or fractions of 100-foot units, a fire insurance plan is a map or set of maps of a community showing in detail by means of colour and symbol the character of the exterior and interior construction of buildings as well as their height and occupancy. Also indicated are street widths, street numbers, property lines and such fire protection facilities as water pipes or mains, fire hydrants and fire alarm boxes. This highly specialized cartographic product grew out of the need of fire insurance underwriters to understand the physical characteristics of a structure to be insured and the spatial concentration of policy holders so as to limit a company’s losses in the event of a conflagration.

As seen in this 1890 Fire Insurance Plan, the Lake Erie, Essex and Detroit River Railway (LEE&DRR) came through Kingsville midway between the business part of the village and the harbor which turned out to be Stewart Street, where it crossed Division Street South. The LEE&DRR was incorporated by Hiram Walker (of Walkerville) in 1885 and the Kingsville line was completed in 1889.

1903 Fire Insurance Plan (revised to 1906)

Also completed in 1889 was the Kingsville Railway Station, east of Division Street South. The location of the station encouraged further development in the surrounding area including Darius Wigle’s tobacco factory, George Henry’s grain warehouse, Conklin’s Planing Mills and Imperial Canning Company.

1890 Fire Insurance Plan courtesy of

Info on Fire Insurance Plans:

1903 Fire Insurance Plan courtesy of University of Western Ontario Archives